The VLRB and Vermont Supreme Court have resolved many grievances of employees of the State, State Colleges and University of Vermont, contesting dismissals and lesser disciplinary actions. In the great majority of cases, employees have been represented by a union and covered by a collective bargaining contract. In other cases, employees have not been represented by a union. In both types of cases, the standard typically applied where employees have a vested property interest in continued employment is whether just cause exists for dismissal or other disciplinary action.
In this section, decisions of the Vermont Labor Relations Board and the Vermont Supreme Court relating to management obligations before imposing disciplinary action under such circumstances are discussed. Due process considerations are first addressed, followed by substantive just cause standards. In addition, the last three areas of this section address the following areas outside the jurisdiction of the VLRB relating to dismissals and other disciplinary actions: a) renewal, suspension and dismissal of teachers; b) suspension and dismissal of municipal police officers; and c) use of admissions made during an employer’s disciplinary investigation in criminal proceedings.